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The Holy Land in New Testament Times
1. Tyre and Sidon Jesus compared Chorazin and Bethsaida to Tyre and Sidon (Matt. 11:20-22). He healed the daughter of a Gentile woman (Matt. 15:21-28).
2. Mount of Transfiguration Jesus was transfigured before Peter, James, and John, and they received the keys of the kingdom (Matt. 17:1-13). (Some believe the Mount of Transfiguration to be Mount Hermon; others believe it to be Mount Tabor.)
3. Caesarea Philippi Peter testified that Jesus is the Christ and was promised the keys of the kingdom (Matt. 16:13-20). Jesus foretold his own death and Resurrection (Matt. 16:21-28).
4. Region of Galilee Jesus spent most of his life and ministry in Galilee (Matt. 4:23-25). Here he gave the Sermon on the Mount (Matt. 5-7); healed a leper (Matt. 8:1-4); and chose, ordained, and sent forth the Twelve Apostles, of whom only Judas Iscariot was apparently not Galilean (Mark 3:13-19). In Galilee the risen Christ appeared to the Apostles (Matt. 28:16-20).
5. Sea of Galilee, later called Sea of Tiberias Jesus taught from Peter’s boat (Luke 5:1-3) and called Peter, Andrew, James, and John to be fishers of men (Matt. 4:18-22; Luke 5:1-11). He also stilled the tempest (Luke 8:22-25), taught parables from a boat (Matt. 13), walked on the sea (Matt. 14:22-32), and appeared to his disciples after his Resurrection (John 21).
6. Bethsaida Peter, Andrew, and Philip were born in Bethsaida (John 1:44). Jesus went away privately with the Apostles near Bethsaida. The multitudes followed him, and he fed the 5,000 (Luke 9:10-17; John 6:1-14). Here Jesus healed a blind man (Mark 8:22-26).
7. Capernaum This was Peter’s home (Matt. 8:5, 14). In Capernaum, which Matthew called Jesus’ “own city,” Jesus healed a paralytic (Matt. 9:1-7; Mark 2:1-12), cured a centurion’s servant, healed the mother of Peter’s wife (Matt. 8:5-15), called Matthew to be one of his Apostles (Matt. 9:9), opened blind eyes, cast out a devil (Matt. 9:18-33), healed a man’s withered hand on the Sabbath (Matt. 12:9-13), gave the bread-of-life discourse (John 6:22-65), and agreed to pay taxes, telling Peter to get the money from a fish’s mouth (Matt. 17:24-27).
8. Magdala, Magadan This was the home of Mary Magdalene (Mark 16:9). Soon after Jesus came here after feeding the 4,000 (Matt. 15:38-39), the Pharisees and Sadducees requested that he show them a sign from heaven (Matt. 16:1-4).
9. Cana Jesus turned water into wine (John 2:1-11) and healed a nobleman’s son who was at Capernaum (John 4:46-54). Cana was also the home of Nathanael (John 21:2).
10. Nazareth The annunciations to Mary and Joseph took place in Nazareth (Matt. 1:18-25; Luke 1:26-38; 2:4-5). After returning from Egypt, Jesus spent his childhood and youth here (Matt. 2:19-23; Luke 2:51-52), announced his divine Sonship, and was rejected by his own (Luke 4:14-32).
11. Jericho Jesus gave sight to a blind man (Luke 18:35-43). He also dined with Zacchaeus, “chief among the publicans” (Luke 19:1-10).
12. Bethabara John the Baptist testified that he was “the voice of one crying in the wilderness” (John 1:19-28). John baptized Jesus in the Jordan River and testified that Jesus is the Lamb of God (John 1:28-34).
13. Wilderness of Judaea John the Baptist preached in this wilderness (Matt. 3:1-4) where Jesus fasted 40 days and was tempted (Matt. 4:1-11).
14. Emmaus The risen Christ walked on the road to Emmaus with two of his disciples (Luke 24:13-32).
15. Bethphage Two disciples brought Jesus a colt on which he began his triumphal entry into Jerusalem (Matt. 21:1-11).
16. Bethany This was the home of Mary, Martha, and Lazarus (John 11:1). Mary heard Jesus’ words, and Jesus spoke to Martha of choosing the “good part” (Luke 10:38-42); Jesus raised Lazarus from the dead (John 11:1-44); and Mary anointed Jesus’ feet (Matt. 26:6-13; John 12:1-8).
17. Bethlehem Jesus was born and was laid in a manger (Luke 2:1-7); angels heralded to the shepherds the birth of Jesus (Luke 2:8-20); wise men were directed by a star to Jesus (Matt. 2:1-12); and Herod slew the children (Matt. 2:16-18).