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Jerusalem at the Time of Jesus
1. Golgotha A traditional site for Jesus’ crucifixion (Matt. 27:33-37).
2. Garden Tomb Jesus was buried (John 19:38-42). The risen Christ appeared to Mary Magdalene in the garden (John 20:1-17).
3. Antonia Fortress Jesus may have been accused, condemned, mocked, and scourged at this site (John 18:28-19: 16). Paul was arrested and recounted the story of his conversion (Acts 21:31-22: 21).
4. Pool of Bethesda Jesus healed an invalid on the Sabbath (John 5:2-9).
5. Temple Gabriel promised Zacharias that Elisabeth would bear a son (Luke 1:5-25). The veil of the temple was rent at the death of the Savior (Matt. 27:51).
6. Solomon’s Porch Jesus proclaimed that he was the Son of God. The Jews attempted to stone him (John 10:22-39). Peter preached repentance after healing a lame man (Acts 3:11-26).
7. Gate Beautiful Peter and John healed a lame man (Acts 3:1-10).
8. Pinnacle of the Temple Jesus was tempted by Satan (Matt. 4:5-7). (There are two traditional locations for this event.)
9. Holy Mount (unspecified locations)
a. Tradition holds that here Abraham built an altar for the sacrifice of Isaac (Gen. 22:9-14).
b. Solomon built the temple (1 Kgs. 6:1-10; 2 Chr. 3:1).
c. The Babylonians destroyed the temple in about 587 B.C. (2 Kgs. 25:8-9).
d. Zerubbabel rebuilt the temple in about 515 B.C. (Ezra 3:8-10; 5:2; 6:14-16).
e. Herod expanded the temple plaza and rebuilt the temple starting in 17 B.C. Jesus was presented as a baby (Luke 2:22-39).
f. At age 12, Jesus taught in the temple (Luke 2:41-50).
g. Jesus cleansed the temple (Matt. 21:12-16; John 2:14-17).
h. Jesus taught in the temple on several occasions (Matt. 21:23-23:39; John 7:14-8:59).
i. The Romans under Titus destroyed the temple in A.D. 70.
10. Garden of Gethsemane Jesus suffered, was betrayed, and was arrested (Matt. 26:36-46; Luke 22:40-54).
11. Mount of Olives
a. Jesus foretold the destruction of Jerusalem and the temple. He also spoke of the Second Coming (Matt. 24:3-25:46; see also JS-M).
b. From here Jesus ascended into heaven (Acts 1:9-12).
c. On October 24, 1841, Elder Orson Hyde dedicated the land for the return of the Jews.
12. Gihon Spring Solomon was anointed king (1 Kgs. 1:38-39). Hezekiah had a tunnel dug to bring water from the spring into the city (2 Chr. 32:30).
13. Water Gate Ezra read and interpreted the law of Moses to the people (Neh. 8:1-8).
14. Hinnom Valley The false god Molech was worshiped, which included child sacrifice (2 Kgs. 23:10; 2 Chr. 28:3).
15. House of Caiaphas Traditionally, Jesus was taken before Caiaphas (Matt. 26:57-68). Peter denied that he knew Jesus (Matt. 26:69-75).
16. Upper Room The traditional location where Jesus ate the Passover and instituted the sacrament (Matt. 26:20-30). He washed the feet of the Twelve (John 13:4-17) and taught them (John 13:18-17:26).
17. Herod’s Palace Christ was taken before Herod, possibly at this location (Luke 23:7-11).
18. Jerusalem (unspecified locations)
a. Melchizedek ruled as king of Salem (Gen. 14:18). (See Bible Dictionary, “Salem.”)
b. King David captured the city from the Jebusites (2 Sam. 5:7; 1 Chr. 11:4-7).
c. The city was destroyed by the Babylonians in about 587 B.C. (2 Kgs. 25:1-11).
d. The Holy Ghost was poured out on the day of Pentecost (Acts 2:1-5).
e. Peter and John were arrested and brought before the council (Acts 4:1-23).
f. Ananias and Sapphira lied to the Lord and lost their lives (Acts 5:1-10).
g. Peter and John were arrested, but an angel delivered them from prison (Acts 5:17-19).
h. The Apostles chose seven men to assist them (Acts 6:1-6).
i. Stephen’s testimony to the Jews was rejected, and he was stoned to death (Acts 6:8—7:60).
j. James was martyred (Acts 12:1-2).
k. An angel freed Peter from prison (Acts 12:5-11).
l. The Apostles decided the issue of circumcision (Acts 15:5-29).
m. The Romans under Titus destroyed the city in A.D. 70.